The mutapa state
The conflicts with the portuguese had weakened the mutapa state as well, however, and a new and powerful kingdom the rozvi was emerging from the. Most historians agree that the mutapa state was an off-shoot of the great zimbabwe state the decline of great zimbabwe led to the rise of the. The kingdom of mutapa – sometimes referred to as the mutapa empire, mwenemutapa was a karanga kingdom which stretched from the zambezi through the limpopo rivers to the indian ocean in southern africa, in what are the modern states of zimbabwe,.
Because the mutapa state has a documentary record going back to i502, it is social, political and religious development within a state formation over a long. 20 innocent pikirayi, 'the archaeological identity of the mutapa state: towards an historical archaeology of northern zimbabwe' in studies in. Historians also use the term to refer to the state led by these kings the mutapa state probably arose from branches of the nearby culture of great zimbabwe. Shona oral tradition states that the mutapa state was founded by nyatsimbeearly zimbabwe was a broad-based, multi-ethnic society mutota.
The kingdom of mutapa state was a medieval kingdom which stretched between the zambezi and limpopo rivers of southern africa in the. By the time the portuguese arrived on the coast of mozambique, the mutapa kingdom was the premier shona state in the region he raised a strong army which. The mutapa state consolidated power and maintained its dominance from the 15th to the 20th century in what is now present day zimbabwe. 2233 great zimbabwe and the zimbabwe state (c ad 1280-1450/1520) 2234 the mutapa and torwa states and portuguese arrival 2235 conflict, famine. Subjects of the mutapa state this was a secondary state, resulting from the northward expansion of the great zimbabwe tradition introduction one of .
Due to the kuronzera system, people in the mutapa state were empowered by cattle from the mutapa herds, starting with the provincial barons. The mutapa state dominated the northeastern plateau and zambezi valley from the 15th century to the 19th century at about the same time the. Topics to be covered include great zimbabwe mutapa state rozvi state zulu state ndebele state scramble for africa as well as the wars of resistance in. The rise and ultimate expansion of the mutapa state owed in part to the decline of great zimbabwe according to oral traditions, nyatsimba.
The area south of the zambezi river was dominated by the mutapa empire, the coastal city-states above cape delgado were politically divided and in conflict. 1560s, the first portuguese missionary reached the mutapa kingdom on the zambezi 1628, a new monomotapa (kapararidze, head of the mutapa state in the. The rozwi were formed from several shona states that dominated the plateau of the mwenes or monomatapa of the first mutapa state. The rise of mutapastate was that there was plenty of pastures especialy for livestock and there was salt for everyone andwaterthere was fertile soil for cultivation. Christianity was introduced in the mwenemutapa state around 1561 by the sole portuguese jesuit missionary, goncalo da silveira the jesuit missionary efforts .
The mutapa state
1515-30 schiteve nyamunda establishes an independent state in the south-east which blocks rade between the portuguese on the coast and the mutapa state. Full-text paper (pdf): the archaeological identity of the mutapa state: towards an historical archaeology of northern zimbabwe.
Northern (zambezi) route connecting the mutapa state to angoche, as well as the the demise of great zimbabwe left the mutapa state dominant in northern. The most powerful local player was the mutapa state, while the mercantilism- fuelled portuguese were the dominant foreign players these foils. Davidson 1969 54-55 view of long-distance trade as primary cause of state as his royal title the name mwene mutapa lord of the plundered lands or master. In zimbabwe two centers dominated the political landscape from the 16th century onwards: the mutapa state zambezi valley and khami in southwestern.
Portuguese document dating from the early 16th century also seem to show that the mutapa state already existed before the great zimbabwe. -mining -cattle keeping -hunting and gathering -craft work -trading -crop cultivation -hunting and gathering social activities -polygamous.